Wisconsin Historical Society

Property Record

626 MAIN ST

Architecture and History Inventory
626 MAIN ST | Property Record | Wisconsin Historical Society
NAMES
Historic Name:LAFAYETTE COUNTY COURTHOUSE
Other Name:LAFAYETTE COUNTY COURTHOUSE
Contributing:
Reference Number:16243
PROPERTY LOCATION
Location (Address):626 MAIN ST
County:Lafayette
City:Darlington
Township/Village:
Unincorporated Community:
Town:
Range:
Direction:
Section:
Quarter Section:
Quarter/Quarter Section:
PROPERTY FEATURES
Year Built:1905
Additions:
Survey Date:1976
Historic Use:courthouse
Architectural Style:Neoclassical
Structural System:
Wall Material:Limestone
Architect:FRANK W. KINNEY AND MENNO S. DETWEILER
Other Buildings On Site:
Demolished?:No
Demolished Date:
DESIGNATIONS
National/State Register Listing Name: Lafayette County Courthouse
National Register Listing Date:12/22/1978 12:00:00 AM
State Register Listing Date:1/1/1989 12:00:00 AM
National Register Multiple Property Name:
NOTES
Additional Information:A 'site file' exists for this property. It contains additional information such as correspondence, newspaper clippings, or historical information. It is a public record and may be viewed in person at the Wisconsin Historical Society, Division of Historic Preservation. ORNATE INTERIOR WITH IRON BALUSTRADES, MARBLE, IONIC COLUMNS, STAINED GLASS WINDOWS, AND CUPOLA OCULUS.

THIS THREE-STORY, NEO-CLASSICAL INFLUENCED, RECTANGULAR COURTHOUSE STRUCTURE IS CONSTRUCTED OF BUFF LIMESTONE WITH RUSTICATED QUOINS ON AN ELEVATED FOUNDATION AND WITH A CLASSICAL BALUSTRADE AROUND THE TOP OF THE BUILDING THE ROOF IS HIPPED WITH A TALL STAGED CUPOLA THAT HAS SMALL IONIC COLUMNS FRAMING FOUR SIX OVER SIX WINDOWS ON THE FIRST LEVEL, LOUVERED PANELS ON THE SECOND OCTAGONAL SHAPED LEVEL AND AN OCTAGONAL ROOFED CUPOLA OF COPPER AT THE TOP. SETH THOMAS CLOCK FACES TOP EACH WINDOW. BROAD STAIRS LEAD TO THE IONIC DISTYLE INANTIS FRAMED, PROJECTING PEDIMENTED PORTICO LOCATED ON THE EAST OF THE STRUCTURE OVER THE ENTRANCE. IN THE INLABLATURE ABOVE THE ENTRANCE, THE WORDS "LAFAYETTE COUNTY COURTHOUSE" ARE INCISED INTO THE STONE. IN THE PEDIMENT, A RELIEF SCULPTURE OF MATHEW MURPHY, THE FINANCIAL BENEFACTOR OF THE COURTHOUSE, IS SURROUNDED BY CLASSICAL ORNAMENT.

THE INTERIOR OF THE COURTHOUSE ORIGINALLY DECORATED BY O.J. OYEN OF LA CROSSE, WI, HAS MANY CLASSICAL DETAILS, STAINED GLASS, MARBLE AND TILE SURFACES, A LIGHT WELL THAT HAS BEEN EXCEPTIONALLY WELL PRESERVED THROUGHOUT THE YEARS.
Bibliographic References:CORNERSTONE. WISCONSIN STATE JOURNAL 7/24/1994. A. BUILDING PLAQUE. B. LAFAYETTE CO. FILES, HISTORIC PRESERVATION DIVISION, STATE HISTORICAL SOCIETY OF WI. Take a Walk on Main Street: Historic Walking Tours in Wisconsin's Main Street Communities, Wisconsin Main Street Program, 1998. From Mining to Farm Fields to Ethnic Communities: Buildings and Landscapes of Southwestern Wisconsin. Ed. Anna Vemer Andrzejewski , Arnold R. Alanen and Sarah Fayen Scarlett for “Nature + City: Vernacular Buildings and Landscapes of the Upper Midwest,” 2012 Meeting of the Vernacular Architecture Forum (VAF) in Madison, Wisconsin.
RECORD LOCATION
Wisconsin Architecture and History Inventory, Division of Historic Preservation, Wisconsin Historical Society, Madison, Wisconsin

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Wisconsin Architecture and History Inventory Citation
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