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Wisconsin Historical Society

Property Record

102 W 2ND ST N

Architecture and History Inventory
102 W 2ND ST N | Property Record | Wisconsin Historical Society
Historic Name:State Bank of Ladysmith (aka Pioneer Bank, 1927-1964)
Other Name:Pioneer Plaza Building
Reference Number:20643
Location (Address):102 W 2ND ST N
Unincorporated Community:
Quarter Section:
Quarter/Quarter Section:
Year Built:1912
Survey Date:1976
Historic Use:retail building
Architectural Style:Neoclassical
Structural System:Masonry
Wall Material:Granite Stone
Architect:W. E. Maddux
Other Buildings On Site:
Demolished Date:
National/State Register Listing Name: State Bank of Ladysmith
National Register Listing Date:1/17/1980
State Register Listing Date:1/1/1989
National Register Multiple Property Name:
Additional Information:A 'site file' exists for this property. It contains additional information such as correspondence, newspaper clippings, or historical information. It is a public record and may be viewed in person at the State Historical Society, Division of Historic Preservation. RED GRANITE VENEER OVER BRICK BLDG. PAIRED GRANITE DORIC COLUMNS SUPPORT MOULDED CORNICE & BALCONY. DENTILLED CORNICE TOPPED W/GRANITE PARAPET. SLIGHTLY PROJECTING WALL PILASTERS. SIGNIFICANT FOR DEVELOPMENT OF LADYSMITH AND FOR ARCHITECTURE.

In 1900, the fledgling community of Ladysmith gained stability when the Menasha Woodenware Company established a stave mill at Flambeau Falls. Hundreds of former lumberjacks flocked to this village in the cutover, seeking a fresh start. Key to the community’s economic development was the State Bank of Ladysmith (later, the Pioneer Bank Building), chartered in 1903.

Contractor Maddux used rock-faced red granite stones quarried in Waushara County to create a vernacular building whose simplicity and sturdiness trumps imported ideas about style. Classical but rustic, the bank’s design seems to contradict the formalism of similar ones in larger cities. A one-story portico distinguishes the entrance: paired polished-granite columns support a blocky granite entablature crowned by a balustraded balcony that echoes the blind balustrade along the roof. On the first story, the windows--recessed into two-story, vertical panels--feature leaded-glass transoms with a delicate floral motif. Those upstairs are mostly tripartite sashes of the type known as Chicago windows.
Bibliographic References:LADYSMITH NEWS-BUDGET 07/26/1912. LADYSMITH NEWS 6/22/1995. Cornerstone. Buildings of Wisconsin manuscript.
Wisconsin Architecture and History Inventory, State Historic Preservation Office, Wisconsin Historical Society, Madison, Wisconsin

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