Wisconsin Historical Society

Property Record

357 W GARLAND ST

Architecture and History Inventory
357 W GARLAND ST | Property Record | Wisconsin Historical Society
NAMES
Historic Name:HAMLIN GARLAND HOUSE
Other Name:HAMLIN GARLAND HOUSE
Contributing:
Reference Number:29817
PROPERTY LOCATION
Location (Address):357 W GARLAND ST
County:La Crosse
City:West Salem
Township/Village:
Unincorporated Community:
Town:
Range:
Direction:
Section:
Quarter Section:
Quarter/Quarter Section:
PROPERTY FEATURES
Year Built:1859
Additions: 1893 1865
Survey Date:1992
Historic Use:house
Architectural Style:Other Vernacular
Structural System:Balloon Frame
Wall Material:Clapboard
Architect:William Hull
Other Buildings On Site:
Demolished?:No
Demolished Date:
DESIGNATIONS
National/State Register Listing Name: Garland, Hamlin, House
National Register Listing Date:11/11/1971 12:00:00 AM
State Register Listing Date:1/1/1989 12:00:00 AM
National Register Multiple Property Name:
NOTES
Additional Information:A 'site file' exists for this property. It contains additional information such as correspondence, newspaper clippings, or historical information. It is a public record and may be viewed in person at the State Historical Society, Division of Historic Preservation.


Literary scholars know Hamlin Garland as a leading regional author and as a participant in the late-nineteenth-century turn toward literary realism. Locally, however, Garland is best remembered for his reminiscences of pioneer farm life in west-central Wisconsin’s “coulee country,” a land of high ridges and deep valleys where the Garland family struggled to eke out a living in the 1860s. Garland’s books did not romanticize the pioneer experience, instead painting an often bleak picture that shattered the triumphal myths of westward expansion. All the same, his writings powerfully molded the image of the region we now call the Midwest.

Near the end of A Son of the Middle Border (1917), Garland’s parents return from the Dakota Territory to West Salem, near Hamlin’s birthplace, and move into this simple clapboard house. The house also features prominently in the Pulitzer Prize-winning A Daughter of the Middle Border (1921). Garland himself worked on these manuscripts in his study on the second floor of the east wing. The house, built by carpenter William Hull around 1860, was originally a gabled ell, with a two-story gabled front and a one-story west wing. A subsequent owner added a one-story eastern extension and a kitchen to the rear. Soon after finding his first success with Main-Travelled Roads (1891), Garland bought the house in 1893, hoping to re-root his ailing parents in Wisconsin soil. In 1899, Hamlin married Zulime Taft. Anticipating a growing family, he added second stories to the west and east wings of his parents’ house; a two-story, fishscale-shingled bay on the gabled front; and screened porches to the front and rear, giving the dwelling its present configuration.


DESCRIBED THE HOUSE IN "A SON OF THE MIDDLE BORDER." NHL. PHOTO CODE J IS FOR JAMES A. SEWELL.

COVENANT: Has expired.

Effected:
9/23/1976

Good until:
9/23/1996

Term:

Property:
Hamlin Garland House

Property address:
West Salem

C dist:

Owner:

Owner Organization:
West Salem Historical Society

Owner address:
West Salem

Covenant type:
Restrictive covenant

County:
LC

Record:
861850 V580 P458

Program:
A&D Grant

Covenant provision 1:
Maintain and administer

Covenant provision 2:
Provide public access at least 12 days a year

Covenant provision 3:
Bibliographic References:HISTORIC SITES OF THE LA CROSSE RIVER VALLEY, LA CROSSE COUNTY HISTORIC SITES PRESERVATION COMMISSION, 1996. EAU CLAIRE COUNTRY TODAY 5/1/1996. Buildings of Wisconsin manuscript.
RECORD LOCATION
Wisconsin Architecture and History Inventory, Division of Historic Preservation, Wisconsin Historical Society, Madison, Wisconsin

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