Wisconsin Historical Society

Property Record

MILL ST

Architecture and History Inventory
MILL ST | Property Record | Wisconsin Historical Society
NAMES
Historic Name:Little Chute Dam
Other Name:Little Chute Dam
Contributing: Yes
Reference Number:52321
PROPERTY LOCATION
Location (Address):MILL ST
County:Outagamie
City:Little Chute
Township/Village:
Unincorporated Community:
Town:
Range:
Direction:
Section:
Quarter Section:
Quarter/Quarter Section:
PROPERTY FEATURES
Year Built:1933
Additions:
Survey Date:1988
Historic Use:dam
Architectural Style:NA (unknown or not a building)
Structural System:
Wall Material:Concrete
Architect:
Other Buildings On Site:1
Demolished?:No
Demolished Date:
DESIGNATIONS
National/State Register Listing Name: Little Chute Locks and Canal Historic District
National Register Listing Date:12/7/1993 12:00:00 AM
State Register Listing Date:4/10/1992 12:00:00 AM
National Register Multiple Property Name:Waterway Resources of the Lower Fox River
NOTES
Additional Information:A 'site file' titled Little Chute Locks and Canal Historic District exists for this property. It contains additional information such as correspondence, newspaper clippings, or historical information. It is a public record and may be viewed in person at the Wisconsin Historical Society, Division of Historic Preservation-Public History. Photo Code: FCS 5/23. This dam is a concrete structure with an overall length of 561 feet. Completed in 1933, it is located immediately southwest of the guard lock. The dam creates the pool that floods the canal in which Little Chute 2 and the Combined Locks are located. It is generally oriented on an NE/SW axis.

Anchored to the river's rock bottom, the dam consists of three sections. The southwestern section is a 221 foot spillway and the northeastern section is a 110 foot concrete spillway. The spillways are twenty four feet wide, and fixed the maximum level of the pool the dam creates at 688.88 feet above sea level. The central portion of the dam is 230 feet, and contains nine concrete sluiceways, each of which contains a fourteen by twenty foot, steel Tainter gate. The gates are operated by a "crab," a small electrically operated mechanism that moves from gate to gate on a track. The "crab" contains a winch, wo which the chain on each end of the gate is attached. As the wench is activated, the chain is taken in or let out, and the height of the gate is adjusted accordingly. A steel catwalk, which facilitates inspections and maintenance, extends the length of the dam.

Placed atop the dam is a single story front agbled shed that was erected to shelter the electric "crab." Spanning the abutments adjacent to the first gate, the lift house is reached by the catwalk. It is clad with drop siding, roofed with asphalt shingles, and has walls bounded with pilaster strips. The single window in each side wall and the panelled door at the right of the lockside endwall have simple surrounds. A pair of heavy wooden doors in the opposite endwall swing out to allow passage of the "crab" to which ever gate must be adjusted.

The need for a new dam was noted by the Corps of Engineers in 1931 when its annual report stated that the old dam was rapidly deteriorating and unable to discharge floor waters as needed. Construction of the new dam was completed in 1933.
Bibliographic References:(A) Annual Report of the Chief of Engineers, 1931: Extract - Report Upon the Improvement of Rivers and Harbors in the Milwaukee, Wis., District (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1931), 1470. (B) Annual Report of the Chief of Enginers, 1933: Extract - Report Upon the Improvement of Rivers and Harbors in the Milwaukee, Wis., District (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1933), 877.
RECORD LOCATION
Wisconsin Architecture and History Inventory, Division of Historic Preservation, Wisconsin Historical Society, Madison, Wisconsin

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