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12th Wisconsin Infantry History | Wisconsin Historical Society

Historical Essay

12th Wisconsin Infantry History

Wisconsin Civil War Regiment

12th Wisconsin Infantry History | Wisconsin Historical Society
EnlargeWatercolor view of Manhattan, Kansas, from the bluff westward.

12th Wisconsin Marching to Fort Riley, 1862

Watercolor view of Manhattan, Kansas, from the bluff westward. The watercolor portrays the 12th Wisconsin Volunteers on their way to Fort Riley, on April 24th, 1862. Watercolor created by John Gaddis of the 12th Wisconsin Volunteers Company E. View the original source document: WHI 33593

The 12th Wisconsin Infantry was organized between October 18 and December 13, 1861, at Camp Randall in Madison. The regiment left Wisconsin for Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, on January 11, 1862, arriving on February 16. During its service, the regiment moved through Missouri, Kentucky, Mississippi, Tennessee, Alabama, Georgia, the Carolinas, Virginia, and Washington D.C.

It participated in the sieges of Jackson, Atlanta and Savannah, and fought in the battles of Kennesaw Mountain, Atlanta and Jonesboro and also participated in Sherman's March to the Sea. The regiment mustered out on July 20, 1865, at Louisville, Kentucky. It lost 323 men during service. Three officers and 93 enlisted men were killed. Three officers and 224 enlisted men died from disease.

[Source: Estabrook, Charles E, ed. Records and sketches of military organizations: population, legislation, election and other statistics relating to Wisconsin in the period of the Civil War. (Madison, 1914?)]