Wisconsin Historical Society

Historical Essay

Atlanta, Battle of

Civil War Battle Summary

Atlanta, Battle of | Wisconsin Historical Society
EnlargeAn empty battlefield with debris among trees.

Battlefield at Atlanta, 1864.

An empty battlefield at Atlanta, Georgia, with debris among trees. View the original source document: WHI 78976

EnlargeOne of the Confederate defenses around the city, with several cannons behind earthworks.

Rebel Works in Front of Atlanta, 1864.

One of the Confederate defenses around the city, with several cannons behind earthworks. A Union soldier stands near one of the cannons. View the original source document: WHI 78972

Date(s): July 22, 1864

Location: Atlanta, Georgia (Google Map)

Other name(s): none

Campaign: Atlanta Campaign (May-September 1864)

Outcome: Union victory

Summary

The Battle of Atlanta was part of the Atlanta Campaign which began in May 1864 and lasted until Union forces took possession of the city on September 2, 1864.

Union forces began their march toward Atlanta on May 7, and by July had advanced to the city's outskirts. On July 22, they met 37,000 Confederate troops in a battle that some historians consider one of the most desperate and bloody of the war. It ended in a Union victory. At the end of the day more than 20 percent of the Confederate forces were killed, wounded, or missing.

Wisconsin's Role

The 1st, 12th, 16th, 17th, 22nd, 25th, 26th, and 31st Wisconsin Infantry regiments and 5th Wisconsin Light Artillery battery were involved on July 22, 1864.

Links to Learn More

[Source: Report on the Nation's Civil War Battlefields (Washington, 1993); Estabrook, C. Records and Sketches of Military Organizations (Madison, 1914); Love, W. Wisconsin in the War of the Rebellion (Madison, 1866).]