Kickapoo Indians | Wisconsin Historical Society

Historical Essay

Kickapoo Indians

A Brief Introduction

Kickapoo Indians | Wisconsin Historical Society
Dictionary of Wisconsin History.

The Kickapoo Indians moved west into Wisconsin under pressure from the Iroquois in the 17th century, after the arrival of Europeans along the Atlantic seaboard. Moving further south into Illinois in the 18th century, the bands of Kickapoo people eventually moved south to Missouri, Kansas, then Texas in the decades after the war of 1812. Today there are three federally recognized Kickapoo tribes in the United States: the Kickapoo Tribe of Indians of the Kickapoo Reservation in Kansas, the Kickapoo Tribe of Oklahoma, and the Kickapoo Traditional Tribe of Texas. Another band resides in Múzquiz Municipality, in the Mexican state of Coahuila.

Learn More

Explore more than 1,600 people, places and events in Wisconsin history.

Source: Loew, Patty. Indian Nations of Wisconsin (Madison: Wisconsin Historical Society Press, 2001).