Mountain Wolf Woman: A Ho-Chunk Girlhood

By Diane Holliday

Paperback: $12.95

ISBN: 978-0-87020-381-7

88 pages, 55 photos and illus., 8 maps, 7 x 9"


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With the seasons of the year as a backdrop, author Diane Holliday describes what life was like for a Ho-Chunk girl who lived in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. Central to the story is the movement of Mountain Wolf Woman and her family in and around Wisconsin. Like many Ho-Chunk people in the mid-1800s, Mountain Wolf Woman's family was displaced to Nebraska by the U.S. government. They later returned to Wisconsin but continued to relocate throughout the state as the seasons changed to gather and hunt food.

Based on her own autobiography as told to anthropologist Nancy Lurie, Mountain Wolf Woman's words are used throughout the book to capture her feelings and memories during childhood. Author Holliday draws young readers into this Badger Biographies series book by asking them to think about how the lives of their ancestors and how their lives today compare to the way Mountain Wolf Woman lived over a hundred years ago.

Fountas and Pinnell Level Q

To receive a review copy or press release, to schedule an author event, or for more information contact the WHS Press Marketing Department:

This book is part of the Wisconsin First Nations: American Indian Studies in Wisconsin collection. Developed by the Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction, Wisconsin American Indian tribes, Wisconsin Public Television, and the Wisconsin Historical Society, this collection of resources provides educators and pre-service teachers accurate and authentic educational materials for teaching about the American Indian Nations of Wisconsin.

Note: This book meets and exceeds the requirements of the Wisconsin American Indian Education Act (Act 31).

Diane Holliday earned her Ph.D. in anthropology from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and worked for15 years at the Wisconsin Historical Society. She co-authored "Digging and Discovery: Wisconsin Archaeology" for young readers and has edited several other Wisconsin Historical Society Presspublications. She currently works for an archaeological and historical consulting firm in Tucson, Arizona.

Wisconsin Historical Society Press: What motivated you to write about Mountain Wolf Woman?

I've always been fascinated with how other people live their lives. I think it is good for kids to realize that our current way of life is just one of many - that there have been many others in the past, there are many others right now, and who knows how people will be living in the future. It's good to get different perspectives; I'm reminded of a moment many years ago as a backpacking gringa in Central America. I had been away from U.S. culture for many weeks, but then I strayed into the U.S. Canal zone - exactly like a US suburb and I was fascinated to see a bake sale. It seemed so "foreign," I almost took a photo!

WHS Press: What did you know about Mountain Wolf Woman before you started this project?

Before starting I only knew that Mountain Wolf Woman was a Ho-Chunk woman.

WHS Press: How did you go about doing your research?

I read! I studied Nancy Lurie's Mountain Wolf Woman biography, and I also read the biography of Mountain Wolf Woman's brother, Crashing Thunder, Paul Radin's The Winnebago Tribe, Carol Mason's "Wisconsin Indians" and Patty Loew's "Indian Nations of Wisconsin" - those are the main ones. I was also helped immeasurably by Lurie's written comments and discussion on the phone.

WHS Press: What did you find the most surprising about Mountain Wolf Woman?

What surprised me was her great openness about her life and strength.

WHS Press: What did you enjoy most about writing this book? What did you find most challenging?

I greatly enjoyed working with the Wisconsin Historical Society's Office of School Services Director Bobbie Malone, and also trying to pass on to kids how another person has lived. The challenge was to hit the right level not too easy and not too hard. It would have been nice to include more on the medicine dance, feasts, etc. but it can be difficult to explain religion and spirituality simply.

WHS Press: What aspects of Mountain Wolf Woman's life did you find most interesting to relate to young readers?

I thought the importance of roles in family relationships was interesting. I also thought kids would find the "seasonal rounds" of life interesting following the earth's resources as they become available through the different seasons.

WHS Press: Why is Mountain Wolf Woman's story an important one to share with readers?

Mountain Wolf Woman is an important story because it is a rare personal account of an Indian woman living at the turn-of-the-20th century. There is not much other data out there.

WHS Press: How does Mountain Wolf Woman's story help us understand more about Wisconsin's Indian communities?

Her story helps us understand the old ways the day-to-day way of life and to appreciate the Ho-Chunk connection to the land we now call Wisconsin. I guess she also help us appreciate the accommodations the Ho-Chunk have had to make with arrival of European farms and towns.

2008 Moonbeam Children's Book Awards
Bronze Medalist in the Multicultural Nonfiction Category

2013 Moonbeam Children's Book Awards
Best Book Series - Nonfiction, Silver Medal Winner

Praise for Badger Biography Series

This feature article by Karyn Saemann appeared in "The Capital Times" in 2008:

They changed the face of Wisconsin. Now, their faces are becoming familiar to children around the state.

Since 2005, the Wisconsin Historical Society Press has tapped a diverse well of authors to write children's biographies of notable state figures.

Notable doesn't have to mean famous. Some "Badger Biographies Series" subjects, like Green Bay Packers founder Curly Lambeau, are household names. But others, like immigrant Swiss cheese maker Casper Jaggi, are little known yet accomplished extraordinary things.

"We want to have a balance of well-known and not," said Bobbie Malone, director of the society's Office of School Services, whose job is to cultivate potential titles and authors. So far, eight books are out, and more are coming.

"I do love what I do," said Malone, a former first-grade teacher who, when not editing the latest biography or some other society publication, travels around the state showing teachers how to bring Wisconsin history alive.


"What's not to fall in love with? There are so many interesting stories," mused Malone from her tiny office overlooking UW-Madison's Library Mall.

The authors, too, say they've found inspiration in the stories that, in addition to Lambeau and Jaggi, have so far included Hmong refugee Mai Ya Xiong; escaped African-American slave and Underground Railroad user Caroline Quarlls; the founders of Harley-Davidson motorcycles; Mountain Wolf Woman, a member of the Ho-Chunk Nation; the Ringling Brothers of circus fame; and Milwaukee Jew Lizzie Kander, whose "Settlement Cook Book" taught American homemaking to immigrant women and raised money for social causes.

"I think it's fascinating to see how people lived their lives," said Diane Young Holliday, an archaeologist who authored "Mountain Wolf Woman: A Ho-Chunk Girlhood."

Ultimately, "we want people to fall in love with the past so they value it and connect it to their own lives," Malone said.

Bob Kann, who inked Lizzie Kander's story and is himself a Jew whose mother owned a "Settlement Cook Book," said readers will relate to the tales of hard work and determination.

"It's important to expose kids to people who are exemplary, to show how people accomplished what they accomplished, how they dealt with defeat and to show their resilience in how they bounced back," Kann said.

Of Milwaukee's Jewish immigrants of the late 19th and early 20th Century, Kann said he hoped to show "how difficult their lives were, and how courageous it was for them to come to this country with very few resources."

"There weren't any social service agencies," Kann said. "They were very fortunate to have people like Lizzie Kander who were filling that gap."


Writing for children isn't easy.

Jerry Apps, a veteran writer who with the exception of two titles has spent 35 years crafting adult books, called writing for children "extremely difficult."

Apps adapted both of his Badger Biographies titles, on the Ringling family and Jaggi, from adult books he previously wrote on the same subjects.

"It's boiling down the material in such a way that you get to the essence of it, in a way that communicates to young readers yet doesn't compromise the history," Apps said.

"I wasn't sure if I could explain things at a fourth-grade level," admitted Young Holliday, recalling reservations she had when collaborating with Malone on a publication previous to "Mountain Wolf Woman."

In some cases, it's weighing how to appropriately present the tainted personal lives of memorable people to a target audience of fourth- through eighth-graders, without whitewashing too much truth.

For all his legendary professional success, Curly Lambeau treated people badly and had serious character flaws that included infidelity, said Stuart Stotts, a lifelong Green Bay Packers fan and author of "Curly Lambeau: Building the Green Bay Packers."

"Curly was a philanderer, but that is not really dealt with in the book," Stotts said. "We didn't feel that was appropriate for 10-year-olds. You say a little bit about how he was divorced three times, and something about his inability to get along with people, but don't go into the details of extramarital affairs."

However, "I think 7- to 10-year-olds are quite capable of understanding that people are complex," Stotts said. "I think at this age they are quite able to recognize that people may have good qualities and bad qualities at the same time. The subtleties of behavior are not at all beyond what they are dealing with in their own social situations."

"I think as a biographer it's our job to make people's character flaws clear if we are aware of them, but not to dwell on them. The purpose of the book is not to bring down Curly Lambeau, but we have to be realistic about who he was."

Similarly tricky adult situations led to Mountain Wolf Woman's story focusing not on her grown-up years, but on her childhood, Malone said.

"You want to make it real but you can't overwhelm young readers with details or information they can't handle," Malone said.


The series is not done. In fact, it's just getting started.

In the pipeline are potential books on "Fighting Bob" and Belle Case La Follette, Govs. Lucius Fairchild and Gaylord Nelson, rural doctor Kate Newcomb, architect Frank Lloyd Wright and Cindy Bentley, a disabled Special Olympics athlete.

In addition to representing subjects of divergent backgrounds, Malone said she hopes to focus on people from various geographical corners of the state.

All of the books include an abundance of illustrations and break-out boxes that help readers further explore the topic and historical era. All also have a glossary, supplemental reading list and group discussion questions.

If she could find an interested author, Malone said she would love to produce a biography on naturalist and engineer Increase Lapham. Fur trader Soloman Juneau is also on her list.

And she would like to do a bilingual biography about migrant workers from Mexico. "We haven't gotten there yet, but that's definitely a direction I would like to go. There definitely are stories" about such workers and the people who brought them here, Malone said.

Malone said going back beyond the 19th century, to those who first populated the state, would be challenging in a biography format.

In historical fiction you can set a made-up person in a chosen era. But with biography you need factual details about an actual being. The difficulty, Malone said, is unearthing the documents that chronicle a particular life.