Wisconsin Historical Society Press
Les Paul: Guitar Wizard
By Bob Jacobson
112 pages, 60 b/w photos, and 5 maps, 7 x 9"; E-book now availableBuy
This addition to the Badger Biographies series for young readers tells the story of Les Paul, the legendary "Wizard of Waukesha," who pioneered the solid body electric guitar, multi-track recording, and many other musical inventions. Fascinated since boyhood with musical technology, the young Les moved from experimenting with his mother's player piano and phonograph to developing his own amplifier and tinkering with crystal radios.
After leaving his hometown of Waukesha at age 17 to pursue a musical career - a decision his mother supported - the budding jazz guitarist lived in Chicago, New York, and Los Angeles, in each city finding a new audience and new musical partnerships. A regular on the radio, Les became a fixture in early television, appearing on the Ed Sullivan Show, and later, a show of his own with his wife and partner Mary Ford. Along the way, he overcame numerous physical challenges, including recovery from electric shock and rehabilitation after a horrific car accident - both of which threatened his musical career. And yet, Les Paul pushed musical technology forward more than any other musician of the 20th century.
This Grammy Hall of Fame inductee died in 2009, making "Les Paul: Guitar Wizard" a timely addition to the series. This lively story is rounded out with sidebars on radio call letters and how an electric guitar works, a full discography, and more than 60 historic photographs.
Fountas and Pinnell Level S/T
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Best Book Series - Nonfiction, Silver Medal Winner
This book review by Jane Burns was featured in "77 Square" on Sunday, April 1.
As the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame gets set to induct its class of 2012 on April 14, it's not too much of a stretch to say the hall would be pretty empty without the work of a man known as "the Wizard of Waukesha."
A new book about Les Paul is the 20th in the Wisconsin Historical Society Press' Badger Biography series, and it's a good topic for young readers who are busy downloading music or taking on their friends in Rock Band.
"Les Paul: Guitar Wizard" makes Paul’s work relevant to any youngster (or grown-up) who doesn't know the difference between Django Reinhardt and Jimi Hendrix. It was Paul's tinkering, which started at home in Waukesha, that led to many of the things rock fans take for granted today - the electric guitar, amplified sound and multi-layered recording.
But as much as it's a music story, author Jacobson also paints Paul as a curious Wisconsin boy who found his passion early and followed it his entire life. Born Lester Polsfuss in 1915, Paul used innovation from a young age to help create and share the sounds he wanted. His first electric guitar came when he was still a teenager playing at a drive-in, taking parts from the family's record player to amplify the sound of his guitar.
Paul's life is a walk through musical styles and popular culture for decades - from old-time country radio, to jazz nightclubs to TV with Bing Crosby and to influencing the likes of Led Zeppelin's Jimmy Page.
He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1988 and died in 2009.
"Les Paul: Guitar Wizard" is one of two new releases this spring in the Badger Biographies series. Another new book, "Joyce Westerman: Baseball Hero" by Bob Kann, tells the story of a Wisconsin farm girl who played in the All American Girls Professional Baseball League from 1945 to 1952.
Praise for the Badger Biography Series
This feature article by Karyn Saemann appeared in "The Capital Times" in 2008
BIG LIFE STORIES FOR LITTLE READERS
BIOS FOR KIDS HONOR PEOPLE WHO MADE WISCONSIN SPECIAL
They changed the face of Wisconsin. Now, their faces are becoming familiar to children around the state.
Since 2005, the Wisconsin Historical Society Press has tapped a diverse well of authors to write children's biographies of notable state figures.
Notable doesn't have to mean famous. Some "Badger Biographies Series" subjects, like Green Bay Packers founder Curly Lambeau, are household names. But others, like immigrant Swiss cheese maker Casper Jaggi, are little known yet accomplished extraordinary things.
"We want to have a balance of well-known and not," said Bobbie Malone, director of the society's Office of School Services, whose job is to cultivate potential titles and authors. So far, eight books are out, and more are coming.
"I do love what I do," said Malone, a former first-grade teacher who, when not editing the latest biography or some other society publication, travels around the state showing teachers how to bring Wisconsin history alive.
SO MANY STORIES
"What's not to fall in love with? There are so many interesting stories," mused Malone from her tiny office overlooking UW-Madison's Library Mall.
The authors, too, say they've found inspiration in the stories that, in addition to Lambeau and Jaggi, have so far included Hmong refugee Mai Ya Xiong; escaped African-American slave and Underground Railroad user Caroline Quarlls; the founders of Harley-Davidson motorcycles; Mountain Wolf Woman, a member of the Ho-Chunk Nation; the Ringling Brothers of circus fame; and Milwaukee Jew Lizzie Kander, whose "Settlement Cook Book" taught American homemaking to immigrant women and raised money for social causes.
"I think it's fascinating to see how people lived their lives," said Diane Young Holliday, an archaeologist who authored "Mountain Wolf Woman: A Ho-Chunk Girlhood."
Ultimately, "we want people to fall in love with the past so they value it and connect it to their own lives," Malone said.
Bob Kann, who inked Lizzie Kander's story and is himself a Jew whose mother owned a "Settlement Cook Book," said readers will relate to the tales of hard work and determination.
"It's important to expose kids to people who are exemplary, to show how people accomplished what they accomplished, how they dealt with defeat and to show their resilience in how they bounced back," Kann said.
Of Milwaukee's Jewish immigrants of the late 19th and early 20th Century, Kann said he hoped to show "how difficult their lives were, and how courageous it was for them to come to this country with very few resources."
"There weren't any social service agencies," Kann said. "They were very fortunate to have people like Lizzie Kander who were filling that gap."
FOR YOUNG READERS
Writing for children isn't easy.
Jerry Apps, a veteran writer who with the exception of two titles has spent 35 years crafting adult books, called writing for children "extremely difficult."
Apps adapted both of his Badger Biographies titles, on the Ringling family and Jaggi, from adult books he previously wrote on the same subjects.
"It's boiling down the material in such a way that you get to the essence of it, in a way that communicates to young readers yet doesn't compromise the history," Apps said.
"I wasn't sure if I could explain things at a fourth-grade level," admitted Young Holliday, recalling reservations she had when collaborating with Malone on a publication previous to "Mountain Wolf Woman."
In some cases, it's weighing how to appropriately present the tainted personal lives of memorable people to a target audience of fourth- through eighth-graders, without whitewashing too much truth.
For all his legendary professional success, Curly Lambeau treated people badly and had serious character flaws that included infidelity, said Stuart Stotts, a lifelong Green Bay Packers fan and author of "Curly Lambeau: Building the Green Bay Packers."
"Curly was a philanderer, but that is not really dealt with in the book," Stotts said. "We didn't feel that was appropriate for 10-year-olds. You say a little bit about how he was divorced three times, and something about his inability to get along with people, but don't go into the details of extramarital affairs."
However, "I think 7- to 10-year-olds are quite capable of understanding that people are complex," Stotts said. "I think at this age they are quite able to recognize that people may have good qualities and bad qualities at the same time. The subtleties of behavior are not at all beyond what they are dealing with in their own social situations."
"I think as a biographer it's our job to make people's character flaws clear if we are aware of them, but not to dwell on them. The purpose of the book is not to bring down Curly Lambeau, but we have to be realistic about who he was."
Similarly tricky adult situations led to Mountain Wolf Woman's story focusing not on her grown-up years, but on her childhood, Malone said.
"You want to make it real but you can't overwhelm young readers with details or information they can't handle," Malone said.
MORE TO COME
The series is not done. In fact, it's just getting started.
In the pipeline are potential books on "Fighting Bob" and Belle Case La Follette, Govs. Lucius Fairchild and Gaylord Nelson, rural doctor Kate Newcomb, architect Frank Lloyd Wright and Cindy Bentley, a disabled Special Olympics athlete.
In addition to representing subjects of divergent backgrounds, Malone said she hopes to focus on people from various geographical corners of the state.
All of the books include an abundance of illustrations and break-out boxes that help readers further explore the topic and historical era. All also have a glossary, supplemental reading list and group discussion questions.
If she could find an interested author, Malone said she would love to produce a biography on naturalist and engineer Increase Lapham. Fur trader Soloman Juneau is also on her list.
And she would like to do a bilingual biography about migrant workers from Mexico. "We haven't gotten there yet, but that's definitely a direction I would like to go. There definitely are stories" about such workers and the people who brought them here, Malone said.
Malone said going back beyond the 19th century, to those who first populated the state, would be challenging in a biography format.
In historical fiction you can set a made-up person in a chosen era. But with biography you need factual details about an actual being. The difficulty, Malone said, is unearthing the documents that chronicle a particular life.
BADGER BIOGRAPHIES SERIES
"Lizzie Kander and her Cookbook," by Bob Kann
"Curly Lambeau: Building the Green Bay Packers," by Stuart Stotts
"Mountain Wolf Woman: A Ho-Chunk Girlhood," by Diane Young Holliday
"Tents, Tigers and the Ringling Brothers," by Jerry Apps
"Caroline Quarlls and the Underground Railroad," by Julia Pferdehirt
"Mai Ya's Long Journey," by Sheila Cohen
"Harley and the Davidsons: Motorcycle Legends," by Pete Barnes
"Casper Jaggi: Master Swiss Cheese Maker," by Jerry Apps
“Belle and Bob LaFollette: Partners in Politics,” by Bob Kann
“Cindy Bentley: Spirit of a Champion,” by Bob Kann & Caroline Hoffman
“Father Groppi: Marching For Civil Rights,” by Stuart Stotts
“Lucius Fairchild: Civil War Hero,” by Stuart Stotts
“Les Paul: Guitar Wizard,” by Bob Jacobson
“Blue Jenkins: Working for Workers,” by Julia Pferdehirt
“Ole Evinrude and His Outboard Motor,” by Bob Jacobson
“Cordelia Harvey: Civil War Angel,” by Bob Kann
“Dr. Kate: Angel on Snowshoes,” by Rebecca Wojahn
“Richard Bong: World War II Flying Ace,” by Pete Barnes
“Frank Lloyd Wright and His New American Architecture,” by Bob Kann
“Gaylord Nelson: Champion for Our Earth,” by Sheila Terman Cohen
“Mary Nohl: A Lifetime in Art,” by Barbara Manger & Janine Smith
“Joyce Westerman: Baseball Hero,” by Bob Kann