An African American woman describes her migration to Wisconsin in 1917

Oral interview with Rubie Bond

Rubie Bond (nee White) moved to Beloit with her parents from Pontotoc, Mississippi, in 1917, after her father was recruited to work at Fairbanks, Morse & Co., a heavy manufacturing firm.  In 1928, Rubie married Franklin Bond.  This oral interview with Bond was conducted in 1976 as part of the Beloit Bicentennial Oral History Project.  The project aimed to document the experiences of African Americans who had moved to Beloit from the South in the first half of the 20th century.  In this excerpt, Bond describes her family's decision to move north, the trip to Beloit by train, and her experiences as an African American living in the community.

Note: The interview transcript is contained within a lesson plan aimed at secondary-level classrooms.

Related Topics: Wisconsin's Response to 20th-century change
Post-war African-American Migration
Desegregation and Civil Rights
Creator: Beloit Bicentennial Oral History Project
Pub Data: Beloit Bicentennial Oral History Project. 1976.
Citation: Oral interview with Rubie Bond. Beloit Bicentennial Oral History Project (1976); Online facsimile at:; Visited on: 10/5/2022