An Oneida spelling book for children, 1820
Gaiatonsera Ionteweienstakwa, Ongwe Onwe Gawennontakon = A Spelling-book in the Language of the Seven Iroquois Nations.
This little book is a primer designed to instruct Indian students how to write their language in Roman and italic script, while also teaching them simple religious lessons in Oneida. Its author, Eleazer Williams (1788-1858), was a lay preacher who was instrumental in helping the Oneida, Brothertown, and Stockbridge Indians move to Wisconsin after the War of 1812. This is one of several works in or about American Indian languages to be found at Turning Points in Wisconsin History. Readers should note that this is a historical document rather than a modern one; students wishing to study the language should rely on materials produced by the tribal language office.
Early Native Peoples|
Territory to Statehood
Treaty Councils, from Prairie du Chien to Madeline Island
|Creator: ||Williams, Eleazer, 1787-1858.
|Pub Data: ||Utica : William Williams, 1820. From a copy in the Wisconsin Historical Society Library, Rare Book Collection, call no. PM1383.W54 G34 1820
|Citation: ||Williams, Eleazer. Gaiatonsera Ionteweienstakwa, Ongwe Onwe Gawennontakon = A Spelling-book in the Language of the Seven Iroquois Nations. (Utica : William Williams, 1820).
Online facsimile at:
Visited on: 3/9/2014