John Shaw recalls Tomah, Black Hawk, Keokuk, and other Indian leaders.

Indian chiefs and pioneers of the Northwest

Colonel John Shaw, an early Wisconsin settler, was involved in many activities during the territorial era. He recounts here time he spent with several Indian leaders, including Menominee leader Tomah, Ho-Chunk warrior Red Bird (who led the so-called "Winnebago War of 1827"), Sauk chief Keokuck, and others. He devotes several pages to a conversation with Sauk chief Black Hawk, after the war, and relates the Indian side of those tragic events. He also briefly describes the first steamboats on the Mississippi.

Related Topics: Territory to Statehood
Early U.S. Settlement
The Black Hawk War
Treaty Councils, from Prairie du Chien to Madeline Island
Creator: Shaw, John, 1783-1871.
Pub Data: Wisconsin Historical Collections, vol. 10 (Madison,1888): 213-222
Citation: Shaw, John. "Indian Chiefs and Pioneers of the Northwest." Wisconsin Historical Collections, vol. 10 (Madison, 1888): 213-222. Online facsimile at:; Visited on: 2/6/2023